Job Description:

A cardiologist specializes in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and conditions related to the heart and cardiovascular system.

Job Category:
Health Care & Social Assistance

What you will do:

As a cardiologist, you will be:

  • Using various diagnostic tools to identify heart conditions and cardiovascular diseases
  • Providing medical interventions, medications, and therapies to manage heart-related issues
  • Advising patients on lifestyle changes and risk reduction strategies to prevent heart diseases
  • Conducting tests like electrocardiograms (ECGs), echocardiograms, and stress tests to evaluate heart function
  • Performing procedures like angioplasty, stent placement, and catheterisations to treat blockages
  • Specialising in diagnosing and treating heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias)
  • Managing patients with heart failure through medication adjustments and lifestyle recommendations
  • Guiding patients through recovery after cardiac events or surgeries
  • Contributing to medical research to advance knowledge in the field of cardiology
  • Collaborating with other medical professionals and specialists for comprehensive patient care
  • Providing urgent care in emergency situations, such as heart attacks
  • Educating patients about their conditions, treatment options, and lifestyle choices
  • Referring patients to cardiovascular surgeons for surgical interventions
  • Managing chronic conditions like hypertension and cholesterol disorders
  • Addressing physical, emotional, and psychological aspects of heart health
  • Providing virtual consultations and follow-ups for remote patients
  • Leading cardiology departments or teams within healthcare facilities
  • Staying updated with advancements in cardiology through continuous learning


You will need:

  • knowledge in medical sciences, pharmacotherapy and electrophysiology
  • knowledge in cardiovascular physiology, cardiac procedures, cardiovascular diseases and preventive cardiology
  • knowledge in diagnostic techniques and medical imaging
  • knowledge in patient care

As well as:

Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a cardiologist, focusing on these GCSE subjects can be advantageous:

  1. Science (Biology and Chemistry): Understanding human biology, body systems, and chemical processes relevant to medical studies.
  2. Mathematics: Developing strong mathematical skills for medical calculations and data analysis.
  3. Physics: Grasping fundamental principles related to forces, energy, and their application in medical contexts.
  4. English Language: Enhancing communication skills for patient interactions, medical documentation, and research.
  5. Additional Sciences (Optional): Subjects like Physics, Psychology, or additional Biology can provide broader scientific insights.

These subjects form a strong foundation for pursuing a medical career, including the path to becoming a cardiologist.

To become a cardiologist, you typically need the following qualifications and requirements:

Bachelor’s Degree

Obtain a bachelor’s degree in a pre-medical field, which usually takes around 4 years.

Medical Degree (M.D. or D.O.)

Complete medical school, a 4-year program leading to a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree.

Residency in Internal Medicine

Undergo a 3-year residency in internal medicine to gain a strong foundation in general medical care.

Cardiology Fellowship

Complete a 3-4 year cardiology fellowship to specialise in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular diseases.

Medical Licensure

Obtain a medical license to practice as a physician in your country or region.

Board Certification (Optional)

Become board-certified in cardiology by passing relevant exams.


Gain experience through clinical rotations, case exposure, and patient interactions.

Specialisation (Optional)

Pursue subspecialties like interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, or heart failure.

Working Hours and Environment:

Cardiologists typically work full-time hours in clinical settings, hospitals, and offices, including patient appointments, procedures, and on-call duties. The schedule can vary due to emergencies, surgeries, and administrative tasks.

Career Path & Progression:

A typical cardiologist’s career involves medical school, residency, cardiology fellowship, entry-level practice, specialization, progression to senior roles, potential academic pursuits or leadership, continuous education, and late career mentorship or advisory roles.