Fish Farm

Job Description:

Fish farmers breed and look after fish and shellfish in small teams.

Job Category:
Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing

What you will do:

In your day-to-day duties you could:

  • breed or buy fish in large amounts
  • feed and monitor fish health
  • grade and move fish as they grow
  • maintain buildings, equipment and habitats
  • treat used water
  • harvest and sell stock


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of biology
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device

As well as:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • the ability to use your initiative (ambition/drive)
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • business management skills
  • excellent verbal communication skills
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

There are no specific requirements for becoming a fish farmer. However, certain subjects and skills can be helpful in pursuing a career in this field. Fish farmers are responsible for raising and managing fish populations for various purposes, such as food production or conservation. Here are some recommended subjects and considerations:

  1. Biology: A strong foundation in biology can provide you with essential knowledge about fish anatomy, physiology, and behaviour. Understanding aquatic ecosystems is crucial for successful fish farming.
  2. Mathematics: Basic math skills are important for tasks such as calculating feed ratios, monitoring water quality, and managing budgets.
  3. Chemistry: Knowledge of chemistry can be useful for understanding water quality parameters and maintaining optimal conditions for fish growth.
  4. Environmental Science (optional): Courses related to environmental science can provide insights into sustainable farming practices and environmental regulations that may apply to fish farming.
  5. ICT (Information and Communication Technology): Familiarity with technology can be helpful for monitoring and controlling fish farm systems, such as automated feeders and environmental monitoring equipment.

Post School

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • volunteering
  • applying directly

You could take a college course to give you some of the skills and knowledge needed for the job.

Courses are usually offered by agricultural colleges and include:

  • Certificate in Fisheries Management
  • Diploma in Fish Husbandry
  • Diploma in Land and Wildlife Management (Fish)

Paid or voluntary work in related areas can be useful. Examples include taking part in environment and water monitoring with river trusts, ecological surveys or being a member of a fishing club.

Direct Application
You could apply to fish farms for permanent or seasonal work. There are no set qualifications required but experience is useful.

Some jobs are in remote areas of the country, so you may need access to a vehicle.

Restrictions and Requirements
You may need a driving licence to travel to work, collect feed and equipment and deliver to local buyers.

Working Hours and Environment:

Your typical working hours could be variable.

You could work on a farm.

Your working environment may be physically demanding and outdoors in all weathers.

Career Path & Progression:

You could move into areas like fisheries management, biological science or environmental research by taking a degree qualification.

On a larger farm, you could progress to supervisor or manager.

You could also start your own fish farm.