Job Description:

A winemaker oversees the production of wine, from selecting and fermenting grapes to managing the aging and bottling processes, aiming to create high-quality and distinctive wines.

Job Category:
Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing

What you will do:

The job role of a winemaker involves overseeing and managing the entire winemaking process, from grape cultivation to bottle production.

Key responsibilities include

  • selecting grape varieties
  • monitoring and managing fermentation
  • conducting quality control tests
  • blending and aging wines
  • ensuring consistency and taste profiles
  • coordinating bottling operations
  • collaborating with vineyard staff
  • experimenting with production techniques
  • adhering to regulatory standards
  • participating in marketing and promotional activities
  • contributing to the overall success and reputation of the winery’s products


You’ll need:

  • Knowledge of the science of winemaking including wine analysis, quality control, barrel management
  • Knowledge of the various grape varieties and grape cultivation including soil types, climate conditions, vineyard practice management, pest & disease control, harvesting methods etc.
  • Knowledge of chemistry and microbiology
  • Understanding of how winery machinery works

As well as:

  • Attention to Detail: Precision in measurements, timing, and processes is vital to produce consistent and high-quality wines.
  • Problem-Solving: Winemakers often encounter challenges during production. The ability to troubleshoot and find solutions is essential.
  • Creativity: Crafting unique wine profiles involves experimenting with blending, aging, and fermentation techniques.
  • Communication: Effective communication with vineyard staff, cellar workers, and colleagues ensures seamless collaboration.
  • Patience: The winemaking process can be lengthy, from grape cultivation to aging. Patience is necessary for optimal results.
  • Sensory Evaluation: Developing a discerning palate and keen sense of smell is essential for assessing wine qualities.
  • Adaptability: Adapting to changing weather conditions, grape qualities, and market demands is vital in winemaking.
  • Teamwork: Collaborating with a diverse team, from vineyard workers to marketers, contributes to successful wine production.
  • Time Management: Managing multiple tasks, from harvest to bottling, requires effective time allocation and organization.
  • Flexibility: Being open to trying new techniques and adjusting methods based on outcomes is beneficial.
  • Ethical Responsibility: Upholding ethical standards, particularly in labeling, safety, and environmental practices, is crucial.
  • Leadership: In senior roles, leadership skills are necessary to guide teams, make decisions, and manage winery operations.
  • Customer Focus: Understanding consumer preferences and market trends helps produce wines that resonate with customers.
  • Cultural Awareness: Considering cultural differences and diversity in team dynamics can enhance communication and collaboration.
  • Resilience: The industry can be challenging. Being resilient helps navigate setbacks and continue producing quality wines.


Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a winemaker, there aren’t specific GCSE subjects that are mandatory, but certain subjects can provide a solid foundation for the skills and knowledge needed in the field. Here are some relevant GCSE subjects:

  1. Science (Biology or Chemistry): Understanding the scientific aspects of fermentation, chemical reactions, and plant biology is crucial in winemaking.
  2. Mathematics: Basic math skills are useful for measurements, calculations, and record-keeping in winemaking processes.
  3. English: Strong communication skills are important for writing reports, labels, and interacting with colleagues, distributors, and customers.
  4. Food Technology or Catering: These subjects can offer insights into food processing, hygiene, and handling, which are applicable in winemaking.
  5. Geography or Environmental Science: Learning about climate, soil types, and environmental factors can be valuable for understanding how terroir affects grape quality.
  6. Design and Technology (Food Technology): This subject can provide insights into packaging and labeling, which are important for marketing wines.

Post School

Bachelor’s Degree

Complete your bachelor’s degree with a focus on viticulture and enology. Gain foundational knowledge in subjects such as chemistry, biology, plant science, and fermentation processes.

Internships and Practical Experience

Seek internships or apprenticeships at wineries, vineyards, or related establishments. Gain hands-on experience in various aspects of winemaking, from grape harvesting to fermentation.

Master’s Degree (Optional)

Depending on your career goals, consider pursuing a master’s degree in enology or a related field. A master’s degree can provide advanced knowledge and open doors to more specialised roles.

Certification and Training

Some regions require winemakers to be certified. Look into certification programs offered by industry organisations or associations. Attend workshops, seminars, and training sessions to stay updated with industry trends and best practices.

Gaining Experience

Begin your career as a cellar worker, assistant winemaker, or junior enologist. Learn under experienced winemakers, observe different winemaking techniques, and hone your skills.


Progress to roles with more responsibilities, such as assistant winemaker, senior enologist, or winery manager. Develop expertise in specific areas, such as red or white wine production, sparkling wines, or organic practices.

Working Hours and Environment:

Winemakers have varied hours, busier during harvest with long shifts, while regular operations resemble 9-to-5; they split time between vineyards for fieldwork, cellars for fermentation and aging, conducting tastings, lab analysis, meetings, administrative tasks, and events, often collaborating with different teams and occasionally traveling for industry events.

Career Path & Progression:

Usually starting in entry-level roles such as cellar workers, lab techs, or assistant winemakers for hands-on experience. Then gaining practical training through internships or apprenticeships at wineries. Progress to assisting the head winemaker in decision-making and quality control.

A winemaker will then take on full responsibility for production decisions and team management. They may then specialise in specific area like grape varieties or wine types. Winemakers can advance to head winemaker or director positions with broader responsibilities.

For some, starting your own winemaking venture or consulting business could be a long-term goal.