Cybersecurity Analyst

Job Description:

A Cybersecurity Analyst safeguards computer systems, networks, and data from security breaches by monitoring, detecting, and mitigating potential threats and vulnerabilities.

Job Category:
IT Industry

What you will do:

As a cybersecurity analyst, you will be:

  • Monitoring networks and systems to identify potential security breaches and anomalies
  • Identifying weaknesses in systems and recommending measures to address them
  • Responding swiftly and effectively to security incidents, containing and mitigating damage
  • Conducting regular audits to assess compliance with security policies and standards
  • Evaluating security risks and proposing strategies to minimize them
  • Installing and configuring security measures such as firewalls, antivirus, and encryption tools
  • Maintaining records of security incidents, procedures, and guidelines
  • Educating employees about security best practices and potential threats
  • Assisting in the creation and enforcement of security policies and protocols
  • Continuously observing network traffic and system logs for unusual activities
  • Investigating and analysing malicious software to understand its behavior and countermeasures
  • Simulating cyber attacks to identify vulnerabilities and improve security defences
  • Working with IT teams, management, and stakeholders to ensure comprehensive security
  • Keeping up-to-date with emerging cybersecurity threats and technologies


You will need:

  • knowledge of network security, security tools, cyber threats, security standards, security architecture and cloud security
  • knowledge of operating systems, encryption
  • knowledge of vulnerability management, incident response and risk assessment
  • knowledge of ethical hacking, compliance, authentication, forensics and scripting

As well as:

  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • adaptability skills
  • the ability to work well under pressure
  • effective communication skills
  • analytical thinking skills
  • the ability to pay attention to detail
  • good ethical judgement
  • critical thinking and problem-solving skills
  • time management (organisational skills)
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a cybersecurity analyst, focusing on these GCSE subjects can be beneficial:

  1. Mathematics: Develops analytical skills needed for understanding security concepts and encryption.
  2. Computer Science: Provides a foundation in programming and IT fundamentals.
  3. Information Technology: Familiarises you with computer systems, networks, and cybersecurity basics.
  4. Science: Enhances problem-solving skills, important in identifying and addressing security threats.
  5. English: Strengthens communication skills for effectively conveying technical information.

These subjects offer a solid basis for pursuing further education and a career in cybersecurity.

To become a cybersecurity analyst, you typically need to meet these qualifications and requirements:


A bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information technology, computer science, or a related field is commonly preferred.


Industry-recognised certifications like CompTIA Security+, Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Information Security Manager (CISM), or Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) can be advantageous.


Entry-level roles may require internships, co-op programs, or prior experience in IT or security.

Working Hours and Environment:

Cybersecurity analysts typically work standard office hours, with potential for shifts and on-call availability, often in an office or remote setting, collaborating with IT teams, from a security operations center (SOC), and occasionally traveling for assessments or meetings.

Career Path & Progression:

A typical cybersecurity analyst career path progresses from entry-level roles to security specialist, senior analyst, security consultant, incident responder, security architect, security manager, penetration tester (otherwise known as an ethical hacker), security engineer, security director, specialization, educator/author, or researcher, with continuous learning and certifications playing a crucial role in advancement.