Cybersecurity Engineer

Job Description:

A Cybersecurity Engineer designs and implements security measures to protect computer systems, networks, and data from cyber threats and attacks.

Job Category:
IT Industry

What you will do:

As a cybersecurity engineer, you will be:

  • Developing and implementing security solutions to safeguard systems and networks
  • Identifying vulnerabilities in systems and suggesting strategies to mitigate them
  • Designing secure network and system architectures for protection against cyber threats
  • Responding to security incidents, mitigating damage, and restoring normal operations
  • Evaluating security risks and suggesting measures to minimize them
  • Conducting penetration tests and security assessments to identify weaknesses
  • Developing and enforcing security policies and best practices
  • Regularly assessing systems for compliance with security standards
  • Working with IT teams, management, and stakeholders to ensure comprehensive security
  • Staying updated with emerging security technologies and threats
  • Maintaining records of security measures, incidents, and strategies
  • Monitoring networks and systems for unusual activities and potential threats


You will need:

  • knowledge of network security, cyber threats, security tools, security standards, cloud security and security architecture
  • knowledge of operating systems and encryption
  • knowledge of vulnerability management, incident response and risk assessment
  • knowledge of ethical hacking, scripting, and forensics

As well as:

  • the ability to pay attention to detail
  • effective communication skills
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • adaptability skills
  • good ethical judgement
  • critical thinking and problem-solving skills
  • analytical thinking skills
  • time management (organisational skills)
  • the ability to work well under pressure
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a cybersecurity engineer, focusing on these GCSE subjects can be beneficial:

  1. Mathematics: Develops analytical skills needed for understanding security concepts and encryption.
  2. Computer Science: Provides a foundation in programming and IT fundamentals.
  3. Information Technology: Familiarises you with computer systems, networks, and cybersecurity basics.
  4. Science: Enhances problem-solving skills, important in identifying and addressing security threats.
  5. English: Strengthens communication skills for effectively conveying technical information.

These subjects offer a solid basis for pursuing further education and a career in cybersecurity.

To become a cybersecurity engineer, you generally need to meet these qualifications and requirements:


A bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity, information technology, computer science, or a related field is typically preferred.


Industry-recognised certifications such as Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), Certified Information Security Manager (CISM), Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH), CompTIA Security+, or Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) can be advantageous.


Entry-level positions may require internships, co-op programs, or prior experience in IT or security.

Working Hours and Environment:

Cybersecurity engineers typically work standard office hours, with potential for shifts and on-call availability, often in an office or remote setting, collaborating with IT teams, from a security operations center (SOC), and occasionally traveling for assessments or meetings.

Career Path & Progression:

A cybersecurity engineer’s career path typically progresses from junior roles to security specialist, senior engineer, security consultant, security architect, security manager, penetration tester (ethical hacker), incident responder, security director, specialization, educator/author, or researcher, with continuous learning and certifications contributing to advancement.