Job Description:

Dressmakers create and alter clothing like dresses, trousers and shirts for their customers.

Job Category:
Art & Fashion

What you will do:

Day-to-day tasks

You could:

  • meet with a client to discuss their needs
  • give advice on fabrics, patterns and styles
  • take measurements
  • cost the work
  • create a garment pattern or use a ready made one
  • cut out the fabric using the pattern pieces
  • tack the fabric pieces together for a fitting
  • make samples or ‘toiles’
  • operate a sewing machine or stitch by hand
  • fit the garment and make any adjustments to suit the client

Working environment

You could work in a workshop or from home.


You’ll need:

  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device
  • the ability to measure and mark up accurately

As well as:

  • customer service skills
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure
  • the ability to organise your time and workload (organisational skills)
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a dressmaker, specific subjects are not typically required. However, a strong educational foundation and certain skills can be advantageous for pursuing a career in dressmaking or fashion design. Here are some considerations:

  1. Art and Design: While not mandatory, courses in art and design can provide valuable skills in sketching, visualising, and creating designs. These skills are relevant to dressmaking and fashion design.
  2. Textiles: Courses in textiles or textiles technology can teach you about different fabrics, sewing techniques, and garment construction, which are essential for dressmaking.
  3. Mathematics (Maths): Basic math skills are important for taking measurements, calculating fabric requirements, and working with patterns.
  4. English: Good communication skills, including reading and writing, are valuable for understanding sewing instructions, pattern details, and client preferences.
  5. Business and Entrepreneurship: If you plan to run your own dressmaking business, basic business skills such as budgeting, marketing, and customer service can be beneficial.

Post School

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • applying directly
  • short specialised training courses


You could take a college course before looking for work.

In the UK, for example, courses include:

  • Certificate or Diploma in Fashion
  • Diploma in Fashion and Textiles
  • Level in Craft and Design


You could get into this job through a garment maker advanced apprenticeship.

You may be able to gain some of the skills you would need through a sewing machinist intermediate apprenticeship.

Direct Application

You can apply directly to work as a dressmaker. You would need experience and the ability to demonstrate to employers and clients that you have the skills they are looking for.

Other Routes

You can find short courses in dressmaking techniques at adult education centres and with private training providers. These include how to use a sewing machine, pattern making and pattern cutting, They may not lead to a qualification, but they will teach you some of the skills needed for this kind of work.

Some dressmakers teach themselves through online guides or books.

Working Hours and Environment:

A typical week consists of 36-38 hours of work. You may be required to work in your own business and manage your own hours.

Career Path & Progression:

With experience you could take on a supervisory role, move into a related career like fashion or textile buying, or become self-employed.

You could specialise in making or altering particular garments like children’s clothes, dance costumes or wedding dresses.

You could also work in costume production for theatre, TV and film.