Job Description:

A geologist studies the Earth's structure, materials, and processes to understand its history, natural resources, and environmental impacts.

Job Category:
Environmental Industry

What you will do:

As a geologist, you will be:

  • Collecting rock, soil, and sediment samples to study Earth’s composition and history
  • Identifying and assessing mineral deposits for potential extraction
  • Investigating subsurface structures to locate oil and gas reservoirs
  • Studying geological factors affecting land use, water quality, and environmental impact
  • Analysing geological features related to earthquakes, landslides, and volcanoes
  • Advising on geological considerations for infrastructure projects
  • Studying fossils and ancient life to understand Earth’s history
  • Conducting studies to advance geological knowledge and teaching at universities
  • Creating maps showing geological formations and features
  • Providing expertise to industries like mining, energy, and environmental consulting
  • Assessing and managing Earth’s resources sustainably


You will need:

  • knowledge in geology fundamentals, structural geology and and environmental geology
  • knowledge in geophysics and geochemistry
  • knowledge in mineralogy and petrology
  • knowledge in sedimentology and stratigraphy
  • knowledge of palaeontology (optional) and hydrogeology
  • knowledge in remote sensing and GIS
  • understanding geological factors related to earthquakes, landslides, and volcanic activity

As well as:

Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a geologist, a strong educational foundation is important. While specific requirements can vary, the following subjects are generally beneficial:

  1. Science: Develops critical thinking skills and foundational knowledge for earth sciences.
  2. Mathematics: Enhances analytical and quantitative abilities for geological calculations.
  3. Geography: Provides insights into Earth’s processes, landforms, and environmental factors.
  4. Physics (Optional but Beneficial): Understanding physical principles applicable to geology.
  5. Chemistry (Optional but Beneficial): Familiarity with chemical processes in Earth materials.
  6. Biology (Optional but Beneficial): Basic understanding of biological processes influencing Earth.
  7. English: Sharpens communication skills for reporting findings and research.

Post School

Start with a bachelor’s degree in geology, earth sciences, or a related field.

Geological Courses
Enrol in courses covering various geology disciplines, such as mineralogy, petrology, and structural geology.

Field Experience
Gain practical fieldwork experience through internships, field trips, or research projects.

Master’s or Ph.D. (Optional but Beneficial)
Consider advanced degrees for specialised knowledge and research opportunities.

Certifications (Optional)
Consider certifications from professional organisations like the Geological Society of America (GSA) or The Geological Society (UK).

Physical Fitness
Some roles may involve physically demanding fieldwork.

Working Hours and Environment:

Geologists have varying working hours: office hours for research and analysis, fieldwork with irregular hours, laboratory work, travel to sites for observation, and a mix of indoor and outdoor tasks, all while following safety protocols.

Career Path & Progression:

The typical geologist career path involves education, entry-level roles, project management, senior positions, potential specialisation, optional consultation or teaching, research contributions, management or industry leadership opportunities, and potential entrepreneurship, all with continuous skill development and expertise growth.