Job Description:

Bricklayers build houses, repair walls and chimneys and refurbish decorative stonework. They also work on restoration projects.

Job Category:
Engineering & Construction

What you will do:

In your day-to-day tasks you could:

  • measure work areas and set out the first rows of bricks or blocks
  • mix mortar by hand or with a mechanical mixer
  • use a trowel to lay bricks and mortar
  • shape and trim bricks using hammers, chisels and power tools
  • check that rows are straight using a spirit level, laser level or plumb line


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of building and construction
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device
  • the ability to work well with your hands
    physical skills like strength, balance and coordination

As well as:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • to be flexible and open to change (adaptability skills)
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • the ability to organise your time and workload (organisational skills)
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a bricklayer, specific subjects are not typically required. However, having a strong educational background in relevant areas can be beneficial. Here are some subjects and skills that can be helpful:

  1. Mathematics: Basic math skills are important for measurements, calculations related to construction, and understanding architectural plans.
  2. Design and Technology: Courses related to design and technology can provide hands-on experience and knowledge in areas like construction techniques, woodworking, and project management.
  3. Science: While not mandatory, understanding basic principles of science, such as physics and materials science, can be beneficial for understanding the properties of building materials.
  4. Physical Education (PE): Bricklaying can be physically demanding, so being physically fit and having stamina can be important.
  5. English Language: Effective communication skills, including reading and understanding instructions, are important for safety guidelines and documentation.

Post School

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role

You can take a college course like, in the UK, a:

  • Level 1 Certificate in Construction Skills
  • Level 2 Diploma in Bricklaying
  • Level 2 Diploma in Trowel Occupations
  • T Level in On Site Construction

These courses teach the skills needed for the job and can help you to find a trainee position with a building company.

Some colleges and private training organisations may offer short or part-time bricklaying ‘taster’ courses. These may help you try the job if you’re thinking of a change in career.

You can do a:

  • Bricklaying Level 2 Intermediate Apprenticeship
  • Craft Bricklaying Level 3 Advanced Apprenticeship

These usually take between 2 and 3 years to complete. You’ll do on-the-job training and spend time with a college or training provider.

You could start as a construction site labourer with a bricklaying ‘gang’ and take training on the job to become a bricklayer.

Working Hours and Environment:

Typically you could work 42 to 44 hours a week.

You could work on a construction site.

Your working environment may be physically demanding, outdoors in all weathers, at height and you’ll travel often.

You may need to wear protective clothing.

Career Path & Progression:

You could specialise in a particular type of bricklaying like heritage work or stonemasonry.

You could become self-employed and set up your own business.

With experience, you could become a construction site supervisor, or move into related areas like estimating, training or teaching apprentices or students in a further education college.