Job Description:

Stonemasons carve blocks of stone, and lay and fit stonework into place on construction projects.

Job Category:
Engineering & Construction

What you will do:

You’ll be working with materials like sandstone, limestone, slate, marble and granite. In your day-to-day duties you may:

  • build stone walls or fit cladding using mortar and specialist fixings
  • repair damaged stonework on old buildings and monuments
  • carve or repair statues or memorial headstones
  • make and fit stonework like window frames, archways and ornamental garden pieces


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of building and construction
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device
  • knowledge of maths
  • physical skills like movement, coordination and dexterity

As well as:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to use your initiative
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • ambition and a desire to succeed
  • the ability to work well with your hands
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a stone mason, specific subjects are not typically required. However, having a strong educational background in relevant areas can be beneficial. Here are some subjects and skills that can be helpful:

  1. Design and Technology: Courses related to design and technology can provide hands-on experience and knowledge in areas like woodworking, craftsmanship, and project management.
  2. Mathematics: Basic math skills are important for measurements, calculations related to stone cutting, and understanding architectural plans.
  3. Art or Sculpture (optional): Courses in art or sculpture can help develop creative skills and an appreciation for aesthetics, which can be relevant to stone masonry.
  4. Physics or Science: While not mandatory, understanding the physical properties of different types of stone and how they react to weathering and stress can be beneficial.
  5. Physical Education (PE): Stone masonry can be physically demanding, so being physically fit and having stamina can be important.

Post School

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role

You could take a college course, which would teach you some of the skills needed to get a trainee job with a building company. UK Courses include:

  • Level 1 Certificate in Construction Skills
  • Level 2 Diploma in Craft Masonry
  • Level 3 Diploma in Stonemasonry – Banker (Construction)

You could do a stonemason intermediate apprenticeship.

This apprenticeship has pathways for different types of stonemasonry work, for example:

  • interior stone fixing, often used for floors, wet rooms and kitchens
  • memorial stonemasonry
  • exterior stone fixing on buildings and structures
  • heritage stonemasonry for conserving historic memorials and buildings

This typically takes 24 months to complete as a mix of workplace learning and off-the-job study.

You could start as a construction labourer and take further training with your employer to get a qualification in stonemasonry.

Career tips
You can do specialist training courses if you’re interested in heritage and conservation skills in stonemasonry.

Working Hours and Environment:

Typically you could work 43 to 45 hours, occasionally including evenings or weekends.

You could work on a construction site or in a workshop.

Your working environment may be at height, outdoors some of the time, dusty, noisy and physically demanding.

You may need to wear safety clothing and use safety equipment.

Career Path & Progression:

With experience, you could progress to supervisory jobs like site supervisor or clerk of works.

You could also set up your own stonemasonry business.

You could also move into a related area, like estimating and construction management.

With further training, you could work as a stonemason or bricklaying instructor at a further education college or training centre.