Electronics Engineer

Job Description:

Electronics engineers design and develop systems for industry, from mobile communications to manufacturing and aerospace.

Job Category:
Manufacturing & Electronics

What you will do:

You could research, design and develop electronic components and equipment in a range of industries, for example:

  • telecommunications – mobile phones, radio, TV and satellite communications
  • data communications – PCs, tablets and cashpoints
  • scientific research – acoustics, optics, physics and nanotechnology
  • medical instruments – clinical and laboratory equipment
  • defence – communications, navigation and weapons systems
  • aerospace – avionics, radar, navigation and communication systems
  • manufacturing – programmable logic controls (PLCs) and industrial machinery

Your day-to-day duties will include:

  • assessing new developments or innovations
  • preparing technical plans using computer-aided engineering and design software
  • estimating manufacturing and labour costs, and project timescales
  • co-ordinating the work of technicians and craftspeople
  • testing prototypes and analysing data
  • making sure projects meet safety regulations
  • planning and overseeing inspection and maintenance

You’ll often work on a project with a team of engineers, technicians and IT staff. You’ll follow electrical health and safety regulations.


You’ll need:

  • science skills
  • maths knowledge
  • knowledge of physics
  • knowledge of engineering science and technology
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages confidently

As well as:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • analytical thinking skills
  • persistence and determination (drive)
  • the ability to think clearly using logic and reasoning
  • organisational skills
  • budgeting skills
  • strong problem solving abilities
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

School Subjects

To become an Electronics Engineer in the UK, you should focus on GCSE subjects that provide a strong foundation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), such as:

  1. Mathematics: Mathematics is a core subject for engineering disciplines, including Electronics Engineering. It is crucial for complex calculations, problem-solving, and design considerations.
  2. Physics: Physics provides fundamental principles related to electricity, magnetism, and electronics, which are essential in understanding electronic circuits and devices.
  3. Design and Technology: This subject can provide insights into engineering design principles, materials, and manufacturing techniques used in electronics.
  4. ICT (Information and Communication Technology): Familiarity with digital tools and software is essential for electronic circuit simulations and computer-aided design (CAD).
  5. Additional Science (optional): While not mandatory, studying Additional Science or specialized subjects like Electronics or Electrical Engineering can provide a deeper understanding of electronics principles.
  6. English (optional): Strong communication skills are important for understanding technical documents and collaborating with engineers and colleagues.

After completing GCSEs, continue with post-16 qualifications, such as A-levels or equivalent, focusing on subjects such as Mathematics, Physics, and Design and Technology.

Higher Education

Apply to an accredited university or college to pursue a Bachelor’s degree in Electronics Engineering, Electrical Engineering, or a related field. During your undergraduate studies, you will learn about electronic circuits, signal processing, and microelectronics.

Practical Experience

Seek internships or work placements with electronics companies or engineering firms to gain hands-on experience and apply theoretical knowledge to real-world projects.

Professional Development

Join relevant professional organizations and consider pursuing postgraduate studies or professional development courses to further enhance your knowledge and skills.

Working Hours and Environment:

You’ll usually work around 40 hours a week. You may work longer to meet project deadlines.

You’ll usually work in an office or a lab. You may work in factories, workshops or outdoors.

Career Path & Progression:

With incorporated or chartered engineer status you could:

  • move into project management roles
  • specialise in research, such as telecommunications, robotics or
  • semiconductors
  • work as an engineering consultant

You could also move into patent law.