Electronics Engineer

Job Description:

Electronics engineers design and develop systems for industry, from mobile communications to manufacturing and aerospace.

Job Category:
Aerospace & Defence

What you will do:

You could research, design and develop electronic components and equipment in a range of industries, for example:

  • telecommunications – mobile phones, radio, TV and satellite communications
  • data communications – PCs, tablets and cashpoints
  • scientific research – acoustics, optics, physics and nanotechnology
  • medical instruments – clinical and laboratory equipment
  • defence – communications, navigation and weapons systems
  • aerospace – avionics, radar, navigation and communication systems
  • manufacturing – programmable logic controls (PLCs) and industrial machinery

Your day-to-day duties will include:

  • assessing new developments or innovations
  • preparing technical plans using computer-aided engineering and design software
  • estimating manufacturing and labour costs, and project timescales
  • co-ordinating the work of technicians and craftspeople
  • testing prototypes and analysing data
  • making sure projects meet safety regulations
  • planning and overseeing inspection and maintenance

You’ll often work on a project with a team of engineers, technicians and IT staff. You’ll follow electrical health and safety regulations.


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of computer operating systems, hardware and software
  • knowledge of engineering science and technology
  • maths knowledge
  • IT skills to use computer-aided design software

As well as:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • analytical thinking skills
  • design skills and knowledge (creativity)
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork)
  • to be flexible and open to change (adaptable)
  • the ability to analyse problems
  • organisational skills
  • budgeting skills
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towords this route


You’ll usually need a foundation degree, higher national diploma or degree in a relevant electronics subject.

Employers may accept related subjects if electronics was covered as part of the course. Examples include:

  • aerospace engineering
  • physics and applied physics
  • computer science
  • nanotechnology
  • maths


In the UK, you can do a Level 4 Higher National Certificate or a Level 5 Higher National Diploma in Electronic Engineering before applying for a job.


You can do a degree apprenticeship as an embedded electronic systems design and development engineer.

This usually takes 3 years to complete. You’ll do on-the-job training and spend time at a college or training provider.

You can also do a postgraduate level electronics systems principal engineer apprenticeship.

To do this, you’ll need a degree in electronic engineering or a related subject.


You could start as an electrical or electronics engineering technician and do training on the job to qualify as an engineer.

Working Hours and Environment:

You’ll usually work around 40 hours a week. You may work longer to meet project deadlines.

You’ll usually work in an office or a lab. You may work in factories, workshops or outdoors.

Career Path & Progression:

With incorporated or chartered engineer status you could:

  • move into project management roles
  • specialise in research, such as telecommunications, robotics or semiconductors
  • work as an engineering consultant

You could also move into patent law.