Government Analyst

Job Description:

A Government Analyst examines data, policies, and regulations to provide insights and recommendations that aid government decision-making and policy development.

Job Category:
Government & Public Services

What you will do:

As a government analyst, you will be:

  • Collecting, processing, and analysing data to derive insights for policy development and decision-making
  • Conducting research on various policy issues, assessing their impact, and providing evidence-based recommendations
  • Examining proposed laws and regulations, assessing their feasibility, and advising on potential impacts
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of government programs and initiatives, suggesting improvements or changes as needed
  • Reviewing budgets, financial reports, and expenditures to ensure fiscal responsibility and alignment with policy goals
  • Preparing reports, briefings, and presentations to communicate findings and recommendations to government officials
  • Collaborating with various stakeholders, including government agencies, experts, and the public, to gather input and perspectives on policy matters
  • Monitoring and assisting in the implementation of policies to ensure they achieve intended outcomes
  • Ensuring that policies and regulations are adhered to and recommending corrective actions when necessary
  • Using data and trends to make predictions about future policy needs and challenges
  • Identifying potential risks and vulnerabilities in policies or programs and proposing risk mitigation strategies
  • In some cases, Government Analysts may work on international issues, analysing global trends and policies relevant to their government’s interests


You will need:

  • a deep understanding of government policies, regulations, and the political landscape in the area you’re analysing
  • knowledge in data analysis
  • depending on the specific area of government you work in, you’ll need expertise in that field
  • knowledge of relevant laws and regulations

As well as:

Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

There are no specific GCSE subjects required to become a government analyst since this career typically requires higher education, such as a bachelor’s degree or higher. However, taking subjects that develop skills in critical thinking, research, writing, and data analysis can be beneficial. These may include:

  1. Mathematics: To develop quantitative skills useful in data analysis and research.
  2. English Language and Literature: For strong writing, communication, and critical thinking abilities.
  3. Science: To develop research and analytical skills, which can be valuable in policy analysis.
  4. Social Sciences (e.g., Geography, Economics, Sociology): These subjects provide a foundation for understanding societal issues and policies.
  5. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Familiarity with computer skills and software tools can be useful in data analysis and research.

While specific GCSE subjects are helpful, the most critical qualifications for a government analyst are typically obtained at the undergraduate or postgraduate level. These higher education programs focus on policy analysis, research methodologies, and specialised knowledge in your chosen field of interest.

To become a government analyst, you typically need the following qualifications and requirements:

Educational Background

Bachelor’s Degree: Most government analyst positions require at least a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, such as political science, public administration, economics, sociology, or a similar discipline.

Advanced Degree (Optional): Some positions, especially those at higher levels or in specialized areas, may require or prefer candidates with master’s or doctoral degrees.

Relevant Coursework

Coursework related to policy analysis, research methods, statistics, and the specific policy area of interest can be highly beneficial.


Depending on the government agency and role, having expertise in a particular policy area, such as healthcare, environment, economics, or social services, can be advantageous.

Certifications (Optional)

Obtaining relevant certifications from organisations like the International Institute of Business Analysis (IIBA) or the Project Management Institute (PMI) can enhance your qualifications.


Gaining experience through internships or entry-level positions in government, research institutions, or non-profit organisations can be valuable.

Working Hours and Environment:

Government analysts typically work standard full-time hours (35-40 hours per week) in office environments, but flexibility and occasional overtime may be required; their specific working conditions can vary based on the government agency and role.

Career Path & Progression:

A typical career path for a government analyst involves starting as an entry-level analyst, specialising in a policy area, gaining experience, advancing to senior roles, potentially becoming a supervisor, advisor, or consultant, and considering advanced degrees or non-government opportunities as interests and opportunities arise.