Job Description:

A Haematologist is a medical specialist who diagnoses and treats disorders related to blood, including conditions like anemia, leukemia, and clotting disorders.

Job Category:
Health Care & Social Assistance

What you will do:

As a haematologist, you will:

  • identify and diagnose blood disorders, including anemia, clotting issues, and blood cancers
  • design and implement personalised treatment plans, which may involve medication, transfusions, or stem cell transplants
  • regularly assess and adjust treatment, conducting tests to track progress
  • be involved in research to advance understanding and treatment of blood disorders
  • educate medical professionals and students about blood disorders
  • work with other specialists, such as oncologists, in complex cases
  • provide emotional support and guidance to patients and families
  • offer immediate care for bleeding disorders and other emergencies


You will need:

  • knowledge in blood-related anatomy
  • proficiency in interpreting blood tests, bone marrow biopsies, and other diagnostic procedures to identify and classify blood disorders accurately
  • knowledge of various treatment options for blood disorders, including medications, transfusions, stem cell transplants, and targeted therapies
  • ability to conduct research, analyse data, and contribute to advancements in the field of haematology

As well as:

  • empathy and patience
  • effective communication skills
  • teamwork skills
  • ethical conduct and cultural sensitivity
  • stress management
  • the ability to pay attention to detail
  • problem-solving skills
  • time management (organisational skills)
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a Haematologist, you typically need a strong academic foundation, which includes completing the following GCSE (or equivalent) subjects:

  1. Biology: This subject is fundamental as it covers the basics of life sciences, including cell biology, genetics, and physiology, which are directly relevant to understanding blood and its disorders.
  2. Chemistry: A solid understanding of chemistry is crucial for comprehending the chemical processes within the body, such as those involved in blood clotting and the effect of medications.
  3. Physics: Although not as directly related as biology and chemistry, physics can still be beneficial as it provides a broader scientific perspective and helps develop problem-solving skills.
  4. Mathematics: Math skills are essential for various aspects of medical studies and practice, including data analysis and drug dosage calculations.
  5. English: Proficiency in English is vital for effective communication with patients, colleagues, and researchers, as well as for documentation and report writing.
  6. Additional Sciences: Depending on the specific requirements of the medical program or medical school you plan to attend, additional science subjects may be beneficial. These can include subjects like human biology or additional chemistry.

It’s important to note that while these subjects are typically expected, the specific entry requirements may vary by institution and country. Therefore, it’s advisable to check with the medical school or program you intend to apply to for their specific prerequisites. Additionally, achieving high grades in these subjects is essential, as medical school admission can be highly competitive.

To become a Haematologist, you need to meet several qualifications and requirements:

Educational Background

Bachelor’s Degree: Start with a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, such as biology, chemistry, or pre-medical studies.

Medical Degree (M.D. or D.O.): You must attend medical school and earn a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree. Medical school typically takes four years to complete.

Residency Training

After medical school, you’ll need to complete a residency program in internal medicine or pediatrics, which typically lasts three years. This provides a broad foundation in clinical medicine.

Haematology Fellowship

Following your residency, you’ll pursue specialised training in haematology by undertaking a haematology fellowship program. These programs usually last two to three years and focus exclusively on blood disorders.

Board Certification (Optional)

While not always mandatory, many Haematologists choose to seek board certification in haematology. This certification is offered by medical boards and demonstrates your expertise in the field.


You must obtain a medical license to practice medicine legally. Licensing requirements vary by country and state, but they typically involve passing a licensing exam, completing residency, and meeting other criteria.

Clinical Experience

Gain hands-on experience during your residency and fellowship, working with patients with blood disorders and learning to interpret diagnostic tests and develop treatment plans.

Research and Publications (Optional)

Engaging in research activities and publishing scientific papers can enhance your credentials and contribute to advancements in the field. Many Haematologists are involved in research to expand knowledge and treatment options.

Working Hours and Environment:

Haematologists typically work full-time, often in a hospital or clinic setting. Their hours can be long and irregular, especially when dealing with emergency cases or being on call for urgent consultations. The environment involves a mix of office work for consultations and paperwork, as well as clinical settings for conducting tests, procedures, and patient examinations. Collaboration with other healthcare professionals, including oncologists, haematopathologists, and nurses, is common. Research-oriented Haematologists may also spend time in laboratories and academic institutions.

Career Path & Progression:

The career path of a Haematologist typically begins with a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, followed by medical school to become a licensed physician. After completing medical school, aspiring Haematologists often undertake a residency program in internal medicine or pediatrics, which spans approximately three years and provides a strong foundation in general medicine. Subsequently, they specialise in haematology by completing a two- to three-year haematology fellowship program, focusing exclusively on blood disorders. Many choose to pursue board certification in haematology to demonstrate their expertise. Entry into the field often involves starting as an entry-level Haematologist, typically in a hospital or clinical setting, to gain practical experience. From there, Haematologists can choose to further specialise in specific blood disorders, engage in research, take on leadership roles in healthcare organisations or academic institutions, and stay updated with the latest advancements in haematology through continuing education. As their careers progress, some may eventually retire or transition to part-time or consulting roles. The exact trajectory can vary based on individual interests and career goals within the field of haematology.