Security Service Personnel

Job Description:

Security Service personnel protect the country against threats to national security.

Job Category:
Aerospace & Defence

What you will do:

Your day-to-day duties will vary according to your role. You could:

  • collect information on threats to national security
  • watch and report on suspects’ movements and actions
  • use specialist IT or electronics equipment to record and observe activities
  • make decisions about potential threats
  • support and troubleshoot IT systems
  • develop software systems
  • provide administrative support in departments like finance or HR


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of public safety and security
  • legal knowledge including court procedures and government regulations
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages competently

As well as:

  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure
  • complex problem-solving skills
  • patience and the ability to remain calm in stressful situations
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail (organisational skills)
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • the ability to use your initiative (ambition)
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a Security Service Personnel, there are no specific requirements, as it’s a role that often requires relevant work experience, specialised training, and may vary depending on the employer. However, having a strong educational background can be beneficial for your career and may make you a more competitive candidate. Here are some subjects that may be useful for someone aspiring to be a Security Service Personnel:

  1. English Language: Strong communication skills are essential, as Security Managers often need to write reports, communicate with staff, and interact with clients.
  2. Mathematics: Basic math skills are valuable, especially for tasks such as budgeting, financial analysis, and risk assessment.
  3. Science: A basic understanding of science can be helpful, as it’s relevant to areas such as security technology, fire safety, and emergency response.
  4. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Proficiency in using computer systems and security software is increasingly important in security management.
  5. Business Studies: Knowledge of business principles and practices is relevant, particularly for understanding security risk management and resource allocation.
  6. Physical Education: Physical fitness is essential in security, particularly if the role involves physical security, patrols, or response teams.

Post School

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • an apprenticeship
  • applying directly

Different roles in the security services have different entry routes.


To enter the Security Service with a degree, you’ll need a pass at upper second class or higher. Relevant degree subjects include:

  • history
  • languages
  • politics
  • economics
  • maths
  • law

With a degree you can apply for job roles, like:

  • intelligence analyst
  • internet and computer technology specialist
  • security exploitation officer
  • foreign language analyst


You could apply for a technical apprenticeship like:

  • infrastructure engineering apprenticeship
  • software engineer degree apprenticeship

Direct Application

For some roles within the Security Service, like foreign language analyst or security guard, you would not need any specific qualifications. Entry would be based on the experience and skills you could bring to the role, for instance fluency in a language like Russian or Mandarin.

There could also be opportunities for you if you have technical, vocational or professional qualifications in subjects like electronics or accountancy.

For support jobs such as business officer or administration assistant, you may need some form of academic qualification or have relevant office-based experience.

Working Hours and Environment:

A typical week consists of 37-39 hours of work. You could be required to work evenings/weekends/bank holidays on shifts.

You could work at a police station, in an office or in a control room. Your working environment may be emotionally demanding, outdoors some of the time and you may spend nights away from home. You may need to wear a uniform.

Career Path & Progression:

With experience and a good performance record, you could move into management.