Studio Sound Engineer

Job Description:

Studio sound engineers record music, speech, and sound effects in recording studios.

Job Category:
Tourism, Hospitality & Entertainment

What you will do:

You’ll use electronic equipment to record sound for many different uses, like:

  • commercial music recordings
  • radio, TV, documentaries, film and commercials
  • corporate videos
  • websites
  • computer games and other types of interactive media

Your day-to-day duties might involve:

  • planning recording sessions with producers and artists
  • setting up microphones and equipment in the studio
  • making sure the volume and recording levels are set correctly
  • operating recording equipment and adding effects
  • recording each instrument or item onto a separate track
  • mixing tracks to produce a final ‘master’ track
  • logging recordings and other details of the session in the studio archive


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of computer operating systems, hardware and software
  • knowledge of media production and communication
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages competently

As well as:

  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure
  • to be flexible and open to change (adaptability skills)
  • persistence and determination
  • customer service skills
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a studio sound engineer, you’ll need a strong foundation in audio and music technology. While there are no specific subjects that are mandatory for this career, certain subjects can provide you with a solid background and prepare you for further education and training in sound engineering. Here’s a list of subjects that can be advantageous:

  1. Mathematics: Mathematics is essential for understanding the technical aspects of sound engineering, such as signal processing and acoustics.
  2. Physics: Physics coursework can help you understand the principles of acoustics, electronics, and the behaviour of sound waves.
  3. Music: If your school offers music courses, consider taking them to develop a better understanding of music theory and audio production techniques.
  4. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Proficiency in using computers and software is crucial for working with digital audio workstations (DAWs) and other sound engineering tools.
  5. Design and Technology: Courses related to design and technology can help you gain skills in equipment maintenance, troubleshooting, and construction of audio-related devices.
  6. Media Studies: Courses in media studies can provide insights into the world of sound production, media, and recording technologies.
  7. English: Good communication skills, including writing and speaking, are important for documenting your work and collaborating with musicians and clients.

Post School

There are no set entry requirements, but you’ll need a good knowledge of music and recording technology. You may also find it useful to understand physics and electronics.

You could gain knowledge of recording technology by:

  • taking a music technology course at college or university
  • starting as a runner or an assistant in a recording studio
  • working on community music events, DJ projects, hospital or community radio, or mixing and recording music in a home studio

You could get into this job through an apprenticeship.

Working Hours and Environment:

You’ll mainly work in recording studios.

You’ll need to be flexible about working hours, which can be long and irregular. You may need to work in the evening, at night or at the weekend, depending on when artists and producers are available.

Career Path & Progression:

With experience, you could specialise in a particular technical skill, become a music producer, studio manager, or start your own recording studio.