Job Description:

Bakers make bread, cakes and pastries by hand and with machinery.

Job Category:
Food & Drink

What you will do:

As a baker, you could:

  • weigh out quantities of ingredients
  • mix ingredients by hand or with catering machinery
  • prepare dough
  • bake products in batches in industrial ovens
  • make quality checks
  • decorate and finish baked items ready for dispatch or shop display
  • take customer orders if working in a shop
  • keep production areas clean
  • stocktake and order supplies
  • develop new recipes and products


You’ll need:

  • knowledge of food production methods
  • maths knowledge
  • to be able to carry out basic tasks on a computer or hand-held device

As well as:

  • the ability to work well with your hands
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail (organisational skills)
  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure (leadership skills)
  • the ability to use your initiative (ambition)
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

You can get into this job through:

  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role


You can do a college course. In the UK, for example, courses include:

  • Certificate in Hospitality and Catering
  • Certificate in Bakery
  • Diploma in Professional Bakery


You could start by doing an intermediate baker apprenticeship.


You may be able to start as a trainee or assistant in a bakery shop, supermarket or food production plant, and work your way up.

Working Hours and Environment:

A typical week consists of 41-45 hours of work. You could be required to work early mornings on shifts.

You could work at a store or in a factory. Your working environment may be dusty, physically demanding and noisy. You may need to wear protective clothing.

Career Path & Progression:

With experience, you could become a bakery supervisor or production manager in a factory, or move into commercial sales.

You could also become a technical adviser or development baker for a baked goods or catering equipment company.

Another option is to specialise, for example in patisserie, or become a craft baker and set up your own business.