Job Description:

An embryologist studies the development and formation of embryos and assists in assisted reproductive technologies and fertility treatments.

Job Category:
Health Care & Social Assistance

What you will do:

As an embryologist, you will be:

  • Nurturing and monitoring embryos in controlled laboratory environments
  • Evaluating the success of fertilization processes in assisted reproductive technologies
  • Analysing sperm samples to determine their quality and viability
  • Performing IVF procedures, including egg retrieval, fertilisation, and embryo transfer
  • Freezing and storing embryos, eggs, or sperm for future use
  • Participating in procedures like intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and pre-implantation genetic testing (PGT)
  • Maintaining accurate records of procedures, results, and patient information
  • Conducting studies to advance knowledge in embryology and reproductive technologies
  • Explaining procedures, results, and providing emotional support to patients


You will need:

  • knowledge of embryology, genetics and microscopy
  • knowledge of reproductive physiology, assisted reproductive technologies and cell biology
  • knowledge of lab techniques, lab safety and medical ethics

As well as:

Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become an embryologist, focusing on these subjects can be advantageous:

  1. Biology: Understanding biological processes, which is foundational in embryology.
  2. Chemistry: Familiarity with chemical reactions and compounds relevant to biology.
  3. Physics: Knowledge of physical principles that can relate to certain lab procedures.
  4. Mathematics: Developing analytical skills important for accurate measurements and calculations.
  5. English: Enhancing communication skills, crucial for explaining procedures and interacting with patients and colleagues.
  6. Computer Science: Basic computer skills, as lab equipment and data analysis often involve technology.

Post School

To become an embryologist, you generally need to meet these qualifications and requirements:


A bachelor’s degree in embryology, biology, reproductive science, or a related field is typically required.


While not always mandatory, certifications like the American Board of Bioanalysis (ABB) Embryology Laboratory Director certification can enhance job prospects.

Master’s Degree

Some roles, especially senior and specialised positions, might require a master’s degree or higher.


Practical training through internships, fellowships, or work experience in a laboratory is valuable.

Working Hours and Environment:

Embryologists typically work in clinical or laboratory settings, with varying hours including standard office hours, irregular shifts for fertility procedures, close collaboration with medical teams, and significant time spent observing embryos under microscopes and conducting lab work.

Career Path & Progression:

An embryologist’s typical career path advances from technician/assistant to certified embryologist, senior embryologist, clinical embryologist, lab manager, researcher/educator, embryology consultant, and potentially fertility clinic director, with ongoing education and experience guiding advancement.