Job Description:

An endocrinologist is a medical doctor who specialises in diagnosing and treating disorders related to the endocrine system and hormones.

Job Category:
Health Care & Social Assistance

What you will do:

As an endocrinologist, you will be:

  • Identifying and treating hormone-related disorders such as diabetes, thyroid issues, and hormonal imbalances
  • Prescribing medications and therapies to regulate hormone levels
  • Conducting thorough medical histories, examinations, and tests to diagnose and devise treatment plans
  • Monitoring and helping patients manage diabetes through medication, diet, and lifestyle modifications
  • Treating conditions like hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism
  • Providing hormone replacement treatments for conditions like menopause or hormonal deficiencies
  • Addressing hormonal changes during puberty and related disorders
  • Contributing to medical research and educating patients about hormone-related health issues


You will need:

  • knowledge in human anatomy and pharmacology
  • knowledge in endocrine system functions, hormone disorders thyroid conditions and adrenal and pituitary disorders
  • knowledge in diagnostic techniques and research skills
  • knowledge in diabetes management
  • knowledge of good medical ethics

As well as:

  • the ability to work well with others (teamwork skills)
  • time management (organisational skills)
  • critical thinking skills
  • effective communication skills
  • empathy and cultural sensitivity
  • patience
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become an endocrinologist, focusing on these GCSE subjects can be beneficial:

  1. Biology: Understanding biological systems, including the endocrine system and its functions.
  2. Chemistry: Gaining knowledge of chemical reactions and compounds, relevant to medical studies.
  3. Physics: Developing analytical and scientific skills used in medical research and diagnostics.
  4. Mathematics: Enhancing problem-solving abilities, useful for interpreting test results and data.
  5. English: Improving communication skills, important for patient interactions and medical reports.
  6. Computing: Basic computer literacy for managing patient records and medical research.

These subjects provide a strong foundation for pursuing a career in medicine and eventually specializing in endocrinology.

To become an endocrinologist, you generally need to meet these qualifications and requirements:

Bachelor’s Degree

Obtain a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, such as pre-medicine, biology, or chemistry.

Medical School

Complete medical school to earn an M.D. (Doctor of Medicine) or D.O. (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine) degree.


Complete a residency in internal medicine, typically lasting 3 years.


Pursue a 2-3 year fellowship specifically in endocrinology to gain specialised training.


Obtain a medical license to practice medicine in your country.


Acquire board certification in endocrinology through the relevant medical board or organization.


Gain practical experience through clinical work, observing procedures, and patient interactions.

Working Hours and Environment:

Endocrinologists typically work regular office hours in medical clinics or hospitals, interacting with patients, collaborating with medical teams, and dedicating time to research and education.

Career Path & Progression:

An endocrinologist’s typical career path includes residency in internal medicine, specialised fellowship in endocrinology, progression from junior to clinical endocrinologist, potential specialisation, roles in research/education, hospital leadership, and consulting/private practice, with ongoing education and certifications supporting advancement.