Job Description:

Craft glassmakers design, make and decorate glass objects from windows, mirrors and tableware to one-off decorative pieces.

Job Category:
Manufacturing & Electronics

What you will do:

As a glass maker, you could work in any of the following areas:

  • flat glass – windows and doors for buildings
  • containers – bottles, jars and tableware
  • scientific and laboratory equipment
  • automotive glass – vehicle windows and sunroofs
  • glass fibre – for insulation and optical cables
  • crystal ware – for wine glasses and gifts
  • industrial glassmaking – making large quantities of glass products, usually using computer-controlled machinery
  • craft work – designing and making products such as hand-blown glassware or stained glass in a small studio or workshop

Your day-to-day tasks may include:

  • mixing different ingredients and additives
  • heating the ingredients with cullet (scrap glass) to very high temperatures
  • shaping the mixture by either glassblowing or by kiln forming
  • carrying out processes like cutting, grinding, toughening or laminating
  • applying decorative techniques like engraving, sand or grit-blasting, stencilling and acid etching

As a glass engraver, your day-to-day tasks may include:

  • cutting inscriptions
  • producing original designs or copying existing ones on items like bowls, goblets and mirrors
  • using a range of equipment and techniques, including: point engraving – marking the glass with a hand-held diamond or tungsten carbide point tool
  • stipple engraving – building up the design by hand using tiny dots, highlighting areas of light and shade
  • drill engraving – using a rotating tool in the handpiece of an electric drill
  • copper wheel engraving – using machine-driven wheels to shape the cut, and a mix of oil and grit to do the cutting


You’ll need:

  • design skills and knowledge
  • knowledge of maths
  • knowledge of manufacturing production and processes
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages competently

As well as:

Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a Glassmaker, there are no specific subjects that are mandatory. However, certain subjects and skills can provide you with a solid foundation for pursuing a career in glassmaking. Additionally, you may want to explore post-high school training or apprenticeship programs to develop specialised skills in glassmaking. Here are some subjects and skills that can be beneficial:

  1. Art and Design: Coursework in art and design can help you develop your creativity and artistic skills, which are valuable in glassmaking. You’ll learn about design principles, aesthetics, and working with various artistic mediums.
  2. Design and Technology: This subject can provide you with practical skills in working with materials, tools, and equipment, which are transferable to glassmaking.
  3. Mathematics: While not directly related to glassmaking, strong mathematical skills can be useful for measurements and calculations involved in the process.
  4. Science: Understanding basic scientific principles, especially chemistry and physics, can be helpful when working with the materials and processes involved in glassmaking.
  5. English: Effective communication skills, both written and verbal, can be important for documenting your work and communicating with colleagues and clients.

Post School

There are no set requirements. To work in glass manufacturing, you’ll need a good standard of general education and you’ll usually be trained on the job.

For craftwork, you’ll need both technical skills and artistic ability. You could develop relevant skills with a college qualification in a subject like art and design.

Many craft glassmakers have a foundation degree, HND or degree in a related subject like design crafts, applied arts or glass and ceramics.

You’ll usually need a portfolio of your design work to do a course or to start work. Paid or unpaid work experience can help you build your portfolio, improve your understanding of techniques, and show employers that you have an interest.

You could get into this job through an apprenticeship.

Working Hours and Environment:

In industrial glassmaking, you’ll usually work up to 39 hours, Monday to Friday. If you’re self-employed you’d set your own hours.

You’ll work in a factory, studio or workshop. Some universities and hospitals also employ specialists in scientific glass. You’ll need to wear goggles and protective clothing.

If you work in a craft studio or workshop you’ll usually be involved in the whole process of designing, making and decorating. You may also sell your products directly from your studio, at craft fairs, or through shops and galleries.

Career Path & Progression:

In a glass factory, you may have the opportunity to move into supervisory or management positions.

You could also go on to become self-employed and work from home or set up a small workshop.