Robotics Engineer

Job Description:

Robotics engineers design and build machines to do automated jobs in industries like manufacturing, aerospace and medicine.

Job Category:
IT Industry

What you will do:

Your day-to-day will include tasks such as:

  • install, calibrate, operate, or maintain robots
  • conduct research on robotic technology to create new robotic systems or system capabilities
  • investigate mechanical failures or unexpected maintenance problems
  • build, configure, or test robots or robotic applications
  • design robotic systems, such as automatic vehicle control, autonomous vehicles, advanced displays, advanced sensing, robotic platforms, computer vision, or telematics systems
  • document robotic application development, maintenance, or changes. Review or approve designs, calculations, or cost estimates
  • install, calibrate, operate, or maintain robots
  • make system device lists or event timing charts


You’ll likely need:

  • knowledge of engineering science and technology
  • knowledge of computer operating systems, hardware and software
  • maths knowledge
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages confidently

As well as:

  • design skills and knowledge
  • excellent verbal communication skills
  • the ability to use, repair and maintain machines and tools
  • thinking and reasoning skills
  • complex problem-solving skills
  • the ability to work in a team or driven enough to run a project on your own (teamwork skills, ambition/drive)
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a Robotics Engineer, you’ll need a strong educational foundation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). While there are no specific subject requirements for this career, the following subjects are highly recommended to prepare for further education and a career in robotics engineering:

  1. Mathematics (Maths): Mathematics is fundamental to all engineering disciplines, including robotics. Advanced math, including algebra, calculus, and geometry, will be essential for understanding and solving complex problems in robotics.
  2. Physics: Physics provides a foundation for understanding the physical principles that underlie robotics, such as mechanics, electromagnetism, and thermodynamics.
  3. Computer Science: Computer science can help you gain basic programming skills and an understanding of algorithms, both of which are crucial in robotics engineering.
  4. Design and Technology: Courses in design and technology can help you develop hands-on skills, including working with machinery and materials, which are valuable in building and prototyping robots.
  5. Information and Communication Technology (ICT): ICT courses can provide you with valuable computer skills and an understanding of hardware and software systems, which are essential for robotic design and programming.
  6. Engineering: Some schools offer engineering courses, which can provide insights into engineering principles and practical applications.

Post School

You can get into this job through:

  • a university course
  • a college course
  • an apprenticeship
  • working towards this role


You’ll need to do a degree or postgraduate qualification in:

  • artificial intelligence and robotics
  • mechatronics
  • robotics engineering
  • mechanical engineering
  • electronics engineering
  • computer science
  • mathematics

You can also work in the development of artificial intelligence if you have a qualification in psychology or cognitive science.

College Course

You can do a college course, which may help you to find a job as a robotics technician. Relevant courses include:

  • Level 3 Certificate in Robotics and Automation
  • Level 4 Diploma in Computing
  • Higher National Certificate in Electrical or Electronic Engineering

With further training, you can qualify as an engineer.


You could do a degree apprenticeship in a robotics specialism. Apprenticeship examples include:

  • control and technical support engineering
  • software development
  • manufacturing engineering
  • embedded electronic systems design

You could start as a robotics technician or junior engineer and study for a degree on the job to qualify.

You’ll find it useful to join robotics engineering groups or take part in robotics design competitions to build up your skills and knowledge.

Working Hours and Environment:

You’ll usually work around 40 hours a week. You may work longer to meet project deadlines.

You’ll usually work in an office or a lab. You may work in factories, workshops or outdoors.

Career Path & Progression:

You could become a lead engineer, with overall responsibility for managing a project.

You could also specialise in a particular area of robotics, for example self-driving vehicles, space exploration, surgical instruments, or deep ocean research.