Robotics Programmer

Job Description:

Robotics programmers are professionals who specialise in creating, configuring, and programming robots to perform specific tasks and functions

Job Category:
IT Industry

What you will do:

Here are the key responsibilities and activities typically associated with the role of robotics programmers:

  • write and debug code to control the movement and operation of robots
  • develop software that enables robots to perform specific actions, such as moving their limbs or tools, perceiving their environment, and making decisions
  • program the end-effectors of robots, which are the tools or devices attached to the robot’s arms or manipulators
  • integrate sensors into the robot’s control system and develop software to interpret sensor data
  • create algorithms for path planning
  • work with programming languages commonly used in robotics, such as C++, Python, ROS (Robot Operating System), and other specialised robotics programming languages and libraries
  • troubleshoot and debug the software and hardware components to identify and resolve problems


You’ll need:

  • proficiency in programming languages commonly used in robotics, such as C++, Python, and Java
  • familiarity with robotics frameworks and libraries like ROS (Robot Operating System)
  • understanding of computer vision techniques and libraries (e.g., OpenCV)
  • knowledge of robot kinematics (the study of robot motion) and dynamics (the study of forces and torques on robots)
  • familiarity with machine learning and artificial intelligence techniques
  • understanding of control theory principles
  • a solid foundation in mathematics, including linear algebra, calculus, and differential equations

As well as:

  • strong problem-solving skills
  • the ability to evaluate and analyse robot performance, algorithm efficiency, and system optimisation
  • the ability to effectively communicate technical information
  • the ability to collaborate with colleagues (teamwork skills)
  • project management skills
  • to be open to learning and adapting to new technologies and tools in the rapidly evolving field of robotics (adaptability skills)
  • to think creatively to design novel robotic solutions for various applications
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a Robotics Programmer, you’ll need a strong educational background in relevant subjects, although there are no specific qualifications required for this role. Here are some subjects that can be beneficial for aspiring Robotics Programmers:

  1. Mathematics: Strong mathematical skills, including algebra, geometry, and calculus, are essential for understanding robotic algorithms, kinematics, and motion planning.
  2. Computer Science: Taking computer science courses can provide a foundational understanding of programming concepts, algorithms, and data structures, which are crucial for robotics programming.
  3. Physics: Courses in physics can help you understand the principles of motion, forces, and energy, which are relevant to robotics.
  4. Design and Technology: courses in design and technology can introduce you to engineering principles, CAD (computer-aided design), and mechanical systems, which are valuable in robotics.
  5. Electronics: Understanding basic electronics concepts can be helpful when working with robotic sensors, actuators, and control systems.
  6. Programming Skills: Familiarity with programming languages, such as Python, C++, or Java, is essential for writing code to control robots and automate tasks.

Post School


Start by earning a bachelor’s degree in a relevant field, such as:

  • computer science
  • electrical engineering
  • robotics engineering

While not always required, pursuing a master’s degree in robotics or a related field can provide advanced knowledge and research opportunities.

Hands-On Experience
Gain practical experience by working on robotics projects, participating in robotics competitions, or undertaking internships with robotics companies or research labs.

Consider obtaining certifications in robotics or automation technologies to demonstrate your expertise.

Professional Development
Join robotics associations and attend conferences and seminars to network with professionals in the field.

Robotics Programmers play a vital role in designing and programming robots for various applications, including manufacturing, healthcare, and autonomous vehicles. Developing a strong educational foundation, programming skills, and hands-on experience are essential for a successful career in this field.

Working Hours and Environment:

Typically you could work 44 to 46 hours a week, occasionally including evenings.

You could work in an office.

Career Path & Progression:

With extensive experience, you can advance to managerial or leadership positions, such as Robotics Team Lead, Robotics Project Manager, or Chief Robotics Engineer.

If you have a passion for education, you can pursue a career in academia, teaching robotics and conducting research at universities.

Consider specialising in a specific area of robotics, such as industrial automation, autonomous vehicles, medical robotics, or drone technology.