Job Description:

Solicitors advise clients about the law and prepare documents for court cases. In some countries, there is no distinction between this and the Barrister role.

Job Category:

What you will do:

You could work in different areas, including:

Private practice

  • providing legal services like conveyancing, probate, civil and family law, litigation, personal injury and criminal law
  • advising businesses and corporate clients in areas like contract law, tax, employment law and company sales and mergers
  • advising on insurance, patents, trade marks, shipping, banking, the media or entertainment
    Commerce and industry
  • providing in-house legal advice for companies

Local and central government

  • providing advice in areas like education, planning and social services
  • advising government ministers
  • prosecuting people who break rules

Court services

  • working for the Prosecution Service
  • advising the police on prosecutions
  • advising magistrates in local courts
  • Law centres, charities and the armed forces
  • advising the not-for-profit sector


Depending on your role, you may be:

  • advising and representing clients in court
  • instructing barristers or advocates to act for clients
  • drafting confidential letters and contracts
  • researching legal records and case law
  • attending meetings and negotiations
  • managing finances and preparing papers for court
  • using plain English to explaining complex legal matters to clients
  • keeping up to date with changes in the law

Solicitors usually do not appear in court, that is the role of barristers. But note that in some countries, like the US for example, there is no separation of the two roles.


You’ll need:

  • legal knowledge including court procedures and government regulations
  • knowledge of English language for explaining legal matters to non-experts
  • to be able to use a computer and the main software packages competently

As well as:

  • excellent verbal communication skills to work with different people and the ability to work with different people – teamwork skills
  • active listening skills
  • analytical thinking skills for working on complex cases
  • to be thorough and pay attention to detail
  • excellent written communication skills
  • the ability to accept criticism and work well under pressure
  • drive & ambition
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a solicitor in the UK, you’ll need to follow a specific educational and training path, and while there are no specific GCSE subjects required, taking certain subjects can be beneficial for your future legal studies. Here are some GCSE subjects and skills that can be advantageous for aspiring solicitors:

  1. English Language: Strong communication skills are essential for solicitors. You will need to write legal documents, communicate with clients, and represent your clients effectively in court.
  2. Mathematics: Basic mathematical skills are helpful for tasks like financial analysis, property transactions, and understanding legal economics.
  3. History: An understanding of history can be valuable for legal studies, especially for understanding the historical development of the legal system and precedents.
  4. Biology: While not a strict requirement, a basic understanding of biology can be helpful for legal specializations related to healthcare or environmental law.
  5. Citizenship or Politics: Courses that provide insights into the political and legal systems in the UK can be beneficial for understanding how the legal system works.
  6. Debating or Critical Thinking: Courses or skills that develop your ability to think critically and construct persuasive arguments can be beneficial for legal practice.
  7. Foreign Languages: While not a GCSE subject, proficiency in foreign languages can be advantageous for solicitors, especially for those interested in international law or working with diverse clients.

Post School

Entry requirements vary from country to country.

England & Wales

To become a solicitor in England and Wales, you will need to pass the Solicitors Qualifying Examination (SQE) exam.

To apply, you will need to have achieved an undergraduate degree, or equivalent work experience or qualifications. An example could include a Trailblazer apprenticeship, or degree apprenticeship of the same level.

Before, during, or after taking your SQE, you need to complete two years of relevant work experience. This could be a two-year (or longer) work placement with a law firm – also known as a training contract – or work experience with up to four placements (six months each).

Once you’ve completed your exams and QWE, the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) will assess your character and suitability to be a solicitor. This includes a DBS (Disclosure and Barring Service) check, and completion of an application which demonstrates your legal integrity according to the SRA’s set of rules.

Northern Ireland

To become a solicitor in Northern Ireland, you will need either:

  • a Law degree
  • a degree in another subject, with relevant additional
  • legal knowledge
    an apprenticeship or traineeship
  • proof of suitability via other experience
  • … plus proof of ‘character and fitness’ for the role (for example, DBS check equivalent), before applying to train with the Institute of Professional Legal Studies.

Working Hours and Environment:

You’ll usually work a minimum of 37 hours a week, but longer hours are common.

You’ll work in an office, but could travel to clients and meetings.

If you specialise in criminal law, you’ll spend a lot of time in court. You may be on call at weekends and bank holidays and may need to attend police stations at any time of the day or night.

Career Path & Progression:

Once qualified, you could start off working as a court legal adviser. These are trained legal professionals who help magistrates make legal decisions. After a few years of doing this, you could move into private practice as a solicitor.

With experience, you could become a partner in a private practice firm of solicitors. As a commercial solicitor, you could manage an in-house legal department.

You could become a coroner. This is a legal professional who looks into deaths from unnatural or unknown causes, or those that have happened suddenly or in prison or police custody.

In the UK, as a member of The Law Society, you’ll have access to training and events.