Speech Pathologist

Job Description:

Speech pathologists, also known as speech-language pathologists (SLPs) or speech therapists, are healthcare professionals who specialise in the diagnosis, assessment, treatment, and prevention of speech, language, communication, and swallowing disorders

Job Category:
Health Care & Social Assistance

What you will do:

Here are the key responsibilities and activities typically associated with the role of speech pathologists:

  • assess individuals to identify speech, language, communication, and swallowing disorders
  • use a variety of assessment tools and techniques to evaluate a person’s abilities and needs
  • diagnose speech and language disorders and develop individualised treatment plans based on their findings
  • determine the nature and severity of the disorder and its impact on the person’s life
  • provide therapy and intervention services to individuals with speech and language disorders
  • address language disorders, helping individuals develop and improve their expressive and receptive language skills
  • work with children to address speech and language delays or disorders
  • assist adults with speech and language disorders resulting from neurological conditions (e.g., stroke, brain injury) or medical issues (e.g., voice disorders, aphasia)


You’ll need:

  • a deep understanding of various communication disorders
  • knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the speech and hearing mechanisms
  • understanding typical language development in children and how language disorders manifest at different ages
  • knowledge of evidence-based treatment techniques for speech and language disorders, including articulation therapy, language therapy, and fluency-shaping strategies

As well as:

  • to have empathy and patience when working with individuals who may be struggling with communication or swallowing difficulties
  • active listening skills
  • excellent communication skills to convey assessment findings, treatment plans, and recommendations clearly to clients and their families
  • observational skills
  • to be adaptable and open to adjusting treatment plans based on clients’ progress and feedback (adaptability skills)
  • the ability to collaborate with other professionals, such as educators, physicians, and occupational therapists (teamwork skills)
  • time management skills
Illustration of employee looking at workspace

Entry Requirements:

To become a Speech Pathologist, also known as a Speech-Language Pathologist or Speech Therapist, you’ll need to follow a comprehensive educational and training path. While there are no specific qualifications required for this profession, certain subjects and skills can be beneficial as a starting point for your academic journey. Here are some subjects that can be valuable for aspiring Speech Pathologists:

  1. English: Strong written and verbal communication skills are essential for assessing and treating speech and language disorders, as well as for collaborating with patients, families, and other healthcare professionals.
  2. Biology: Courses in biology can provide a foundational understanding of human anatomy and physiology, which is relevant when studying speech and swallowing processes.
  3. Psychology: Basic knowledge of psychology principles can be helpful in understanding the cognitive and emotional aspects of speech and language disorders.
  4. Mathematics: Basic math skills can be useful for data analysis and research work often involved in speech pathology.
  5. Social Sciences: Subjects like sociology or anthropology can be valuable for understanding cultural and social factors that may influence communication.
  6. Foreign Language (Optional): Some knowledge of a foreign language can be beneficial, especially if you plan to work with patients from diverse linguistic backgrounds.

Post School

Start by earning a bachelor’s degree in communication sciences and disorders, speech-language pathology, or a related field. This program should include prerequisite coursework in subjects like:

  • anatomy
  • linguistics
  • psychology

To pursue a master’s degree in speech-language pathology from an accredited program. This program typically takes two to three years and includes both coursework and supervised clinical practicum experiences.

Clinical Experience
Complete a significant amount of supervised clinical experience as part of your master’s program. This hands-on training is essential for gaining practical skills.

After completing your education, you’ll need to obtain licensure or certification to practice as a Speech Pathologist. Requirements vary by location, so check with the licensing board in your area for specific criteria.

Clinical Fellowship
Following your education and licensure, you’ll typically complete a clinical fellowship, which is a period of supervised practice.

Speech Pathologists play a vital role in helping individuals with speech, language, and communication disorders. Building a strong educational foundation, gaining clinical experience, obtaining licensure or certification, and staying informed about the latest developments in the field are essential steps for a successful career in speech pathology.

Working Hours and Environment:

Typically you could work 34 to 38 hours a week, occasionally including evenings.

You could work in an office, or in a public or private school.

Career Path & Progression:

Experienced SLPs may take on supervisory roles where they oversee other SLPs, manage programs, or lead departments.

Some SLPs choose to open their private practices, allowing them to work independently and serve clients with various communication disorders.

SLPs with advanced degrees may pursue teaching positions at universities or engage in research related to speech-language pathology.

Consider specialising in a specific area of speech-language pathology, such as pediatric speech disorders, voice disorders, or augmentative and alternative communication (AAC).